One of the main causes of biodiversity loss and species extinction is the increasing consumption of land by industry, agriculture, and transport. As a telecoms company, we use little land compared to many other companies in the industry, and we strive to share buildings and towers with other operators for our services. It is also important for Magyar Telekom Group that its development projects take up only the necessary land area, while maintaining the original state of the environment where possible, and that its buildings be as much in harmony with the appearance of their environment as possible. We observe protected natural assets (Natura 2000 protected areas) and plan our developments in compliance with all relevant laws and regulations. Our business activities have an impact beyond this in other areas of our value chain.
To ascertain these impacts, we conducted a qualitative impact analysis. This involved assessing the positive and negative impacts of Deutsche Telekom's business activities on various biodiversity parameters along the upstream and downstream value chain. This includes deforestation, species protection, and protection of oceans and ecosystems.
Our approach to sustainable purchasing
The greatest impacts were identified in the procurement
of raw materials in our upstream value chain associated with the products sold by us. Deutsche
Telekom rejects any activities, drilling, exploration, or mining in or near
areas with globally or nationally significant biodiversity. At the same time,
our scope for action is limited because we do not produce our products
ourselves. We expect our suppliers to work to protect the environment and have been
committed to minimizing negative impacts on biodiversity, deforestation and
water scarcity since 2022 as part of the central Supplier Code of Conduct. This is
regularly verified on site as part of social audits. Our suppliers should also
place the same requirements on their subcontractors.
To minimize the impact in raw materials procurement and promote the circular economy, Deutsche Telekom, and thus Magyar Telekom, too, have implemented take-back systems for mobile and fixed-network devices. This allows us to extend the useful life and return valuable resources such as precious metals to the materials cycle. We additionally aim to increase the share of recycled raw materials in the products we offer. We monitor the success of these measures using various KPIs. For example, "Take Back Mobile Devices" quantifies the proportion of mobile devices taken back in relation to the number of devices put on the market. Our ambition is to steadily increase this figure. The current status of the KPI can be found in the latest CR report. In 2021, Magyar Telekom recycled 43% of all its waste. The relevant data are included in the respective chapter of the Sustainability Report.
Our climate strategy
Energy production also has a strong impact on biodiversity,
as climate change has a high impact on ecosystems and biodiversity. Thus,
Deutsche Telekom's active commitment to climate protection is also a commitment
to preserving biodiversity. Climate protection is a key component of our
corporate responsibility strategy. This ensures that climate protection
measures are closely linked to our core business. Our integrated climate
strategy is based on four pillars: emissions from the value chain, renewable
energies, energy efficiency and enablement (positive climate protection effects
among our customers). We have defined targets and key performance indicators
for each of the four pillars.
Among other things, we support reforestation projects in the actions against climate change. Trees store CO2, generate oxygen, regulate the water balance, provide a habitat for countless species and promote biodiversity. Under "Magenta Forest," we are bundling existing projects across the Group and making it clear that many small gestures together can achieve great things. We have already exceeded our target of 100,000 trees planted. By the end of May 2022, 176,580 trees had been planted by Deutsche Telekom and our employees as part of the Trillion Tree Campaign. Our Green Pioneers community is also dedicated to the topic of forestation. To make better use of the lawns of technical facilities, a tiny forest was planted to promote biodiversity at our facilities.
Magyar Telekom's climate strategy is of course in line with Deutsche Telekom's climate strategy. The climate strategy is an integral part of the sustainability strategy valid through 2030 and its targets have been approved by the Science Based Target initiative.
Annual performance figures are included in the Sustainability Report. In 2021, Magyar Telekom Group achieved a 38% reduction in total GHG emissions compared to the 2015 base year.
Protection from deforestation
However, we see it as our responsibility not only to contribute to forestation, but also to stop deforestation. Deutsche Telekom is committed to the responsible use of forests and wood as a raw material. We see our greatest impact in our paper consumption. Our Paperless Office project aims to decrease paper use as much as possible throughout the Group by 2025. To this end, we have introduced print-on-demand systems and provide payroll electronically. The continuous switch from print to online invoices is also a good example of the biodiversity potential of digitization. The majority of our customers already receive their invoices online. Since 2018, we have been procuring only environmentally certified office paper that has been awarded the "Blue Angel" or the "Nordic Swan" certificate via a paper wholesaler.
Impact of our services
The provision of our services can also have an impact
on biodiversity. The basis of mobile communications is the use of
electromagnetic fields for the transmission of voice and data. The effects of electromagnetic
fields on the environment are the subject of research and public debate. The
German Federal Office for Radiation Protection states that, according to the
current state of science, there are no indications of negative effects if the
limits are observed.
Our subsidiary, Deutsche Funkturm, is responsible for expanding the infrastructure of our mobile communications network. When selecting suitable sites, we take ecological aspects into account as part of building permit procedures. At the same time, species and plant diversity is promoted. In cooperation with nature conservation authorities and Naturschutzbund Deutschland e.V. (NABU), Deutsche Funkturm plants trees and plants and promotes the habitats of native animals by installing nesting and bee boxes.
Nesting storks on cell towers are not uncommon, as the towers offer good protection during the breeding season. In order not to disturb the animals, our maintenance intervals are adjusted and interference suppression work is carried out as gently as possible. Deutsche Telekom cooperates with NABU on a case-by-case basis.
Our contribution to the preservation of biodiversity
In addition, Deutsche Telekom considers other biodiversity issues such as water consumption and sustainable buildings and canteens to be very significant. Even though our footprint in these areas is limited:
- Sustainable telecom buildings that are CO2 -saving and optimally used. More information
- Resource efficiency in the workplace, incl. sustainable office range and reduction of waste in canteens. More information
- Employees take on sponsorships for flowering meadows on Telekom sites. Magyar Telekom has already handed over several of its facilities for community garden use. More information
- On our Telekom areas, we avoid mowing the lawns as far as possible to protect rare plant species.
- There is also a roof garden on the roof of Magyar Telekom's headquarters, which is watered by rainwater harvesting.
We also offer numerous products and solutions to reduce this environmental impact, e.g.:
solutions support transparency on water consumption and water management
systems as well as animal tracking for the protection of endangered species.One such project was Magyar Telekom's joint
project with the Aggtelek National Park to monitor round-nosed horseshoe bats
in Baradla Cave and grey wolves.
The latest cooperation between Magyar Telekom and WWF Hungary is the support of natural water conservation projects with a monitoring system.
- Beehives networked through ICT solutions contribute to biodiversity by having sensors collect data from beehives and transmit it to beekeepers. More information
- 5G supports the digitization of agriculture. More information
- Organizations such as Pro Wildlife e.V., the Bavarian Society for the Protection of Birds and Hellabrunn Zoo join forces with Deutsche Telekom to collect used terminal equipment and use the proceeds for species conservation. More information